NCERT Book Solutions Class 6 Social and Political Life – I Chapter 1
Everyone on this Earth differs from each other, in terms of appearance, behaviour, culture, region and so on. India can be considered as a country of vast diversity. Understanding diversity means to comprehend that each individual is unique. It also means to recognise our individual differences along the dimensions of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs and other ideologies. Students can learn more about these topics from these NCERT Solution of Class 6 Civics Chapter 1 “Understanding Diversity”, which contains the solution for the exercise given in the book “Social and Political Life”. This chapter talks about the meaning of diversity, how diverse our country is, the unity in the diversity of this nation and how diversity enriches our lives.
Intext Question, Page – 4
Q. Fill out the following information about yourself
When I go out I like wearing
At home I speak in
My favourite sport is
I like reading books about
the lives of great men
Intext Questions, Page – 5
Q. Name three ways in which Samir Ek and Sameer Do were different ?
Samir Ek :
He goes to school every day.
He is a Hindu.
He comes from different background. He comes from a well-to-do-family.
Samir Do :
He doesn’t know about school. He is a news-paper seller on the roadside.
He is a Muslim.
He has to earn his living since childhood. His parents could not afford to send him to school.
Q. Did these differences prevent them from becoming friends ?
Samir Ek and Samir Do become friends and shook hands warmly.
Intext Questions, Page – 6
Q. Make a list of festivals that might have been celebrated by the two boys.
Samir Ek :
Samir Do :
Samir Ek :
Samir Do :
Birthday of Prophet Mohammad
Q. Can you think of situation in which you made friends with someone who was very different from you ? Write a story that describes this.
Everyday I got to the park to play in the evening. I saw a boy, about my age, sitting under a lamp post and studying. I was returning home, and we passed a smile. Next day, I asked his name and exchanged greetings, in which school does he study and in which class. He was studying in a nearby school and he was fond of reading story books. I lent my story books and I saw that he read a story everyday.
Q. Make a list of food that you have eaten from different parts of India.
The food eaten from different parts of India are :
Kawha tea – Kashmir
Sarson ka sag and Makai ki roti – Punjab and Harayana
Bajra ki roti and jaggery – Rajsthan
Dhokla and Khandavi – Gujrat
Rasogolla – West Bengal
Idli and Dosa – Tamilnadu and Kerela
Q. Make a list of the languages besides your mother tongue that you can speak at least one or two words of.
Dogri – Kashmir
Punjabi – Punjab
Gujrati – Gujrat
Bengali – W. Bengal
Intext Questions, Page – 7
Q. Imagine that you are a writer or an artist who lives in a place described above. Either write a story or draw a picture of your life here.
Student do yourself.
Q. Do you think you would enjoy living in a place like this ? List five different things that you would miss the most if you lives here.
If I was forced to live in a place where people wore the same two colours, red and white, ate the same food (may be potatoes), took care of the same two animals, for example the deer and the crow and to entertain themselves played snakes and ladders, I would miss the following :
The clothes of different colours – blue, green, yellow etc.
I would not like to eat the potatoes everyday. I like variety in my food, eating different vegetables, fruits, milk, curd and cheese.
I do not like deer and crow. I like to keep dog as a pet.
I like to play basket ball and miss it, if I lived there.
Intext Question, Page – 8
Q. List at least three different ways in which people in India do the following. One of the possible answers has been provided for you already.
Intext Question, Page – 9
Q. Look at the map of India in an Atlas and locate Kerela and Ladakh. Can you list three ways in which the different geographical location of these two regions would influence the following ?
The food people eat :
The clothes they wear :
The work they do :
- The food people eat :
Kerala is situated near the sea and people may be eating rice and fish.
Ladakh is a mountainous country where little agriculture is available. People eat meat and milk products like cheese and buter.
- The clothes they wear :
Kerala is near the sea where climate is neither hot nor cold throughout the year. People wear light cotton clothes.
Ladakh It is a mountainous country, where it is very cold and is covered with snow for a large part of the year. They wear thick woollen clothes made of wool or animal skin.
- Work they do :
In Kerala people engaged in agriculture and fishing.
In Ladakh people look after the animals, collect wool of the sheep and sell then to the traders.
Intext Question, Page – 12
Q. India’s national anthem, composed by Rabindranath Tagore, is another expression of the unity of India. In what way does the national anthem describe this unity ?
The national anthem is the expression of India’s unity and sovereignty. It is sung in all parts of India. Whenever it is sung, in any part of the country, people stand in attention position, with their heads held high. It is sung on the occasion of the celebration of national festivals in any part of the country. Whenever international games and sports are held, and India wins the first position, the national anthem is sung. The athlete may belong to any part of the India. People in all parts of the country follow the national anthem and do not do anything to dishonour it.
- Draw up a list of different festivals celebrated in your locality. Which of these celebrations are shared by members of different regional and religious communities ?
Lohri – Hindus
Holi – Hindus
Id-ul-Zuha – Muslims
Easter – Christians
Raksha Bandhan – Hindus
Dusshera – Hindus
Diwali – Hindus
Christmas – Christians
Id-ul-Milind – Muslims
- What do you think living in India with its rich heritage of diversity adds to your life ?
Since India has a rich heritage of diversity, people celebrate festivals of others communities, speak different languages. Our music and dance are enjoyed by all. People have learnt to eat food of different regions. It is a new experience.
- Do you think the term “unity in diversity” is an appropriate term to describe India ? What do you think Nehru is trying to say about Indian unity in the sentence quoted above from his book The Discovery of India ?
‘Unity in Diversity’ is an appropriate term to describe India because India is a vast country with lofty mountains on the north and seas and oceans on three sides. These geographical conditions have helped to shape the life style of the people. This diversity can be seen in
the languages they speak
the food that they eat
the clothes that they wear
the type of houses that they live in
the type of occupation that they follow
In spite of these geographical differences they are influenced by similar historical developments. The people from different parts of India rose up and protested against the British rule. Both Hindus and Muslims lay down their lives at the Jallianwallah Bagh, in Amritsar. When India got independence our constitution was framed by the Constituent Assembly whose membership consisted of people from different sections of the society.
Nehru in his book ‘Discovery of India’ wrote India was always united inspite of geographical, religious and cultural differences. Indian unity is not something imposed from outside but it is something deeper and within its fold, the widest tolerance of beliefs and customs was practised and variety acknowledged and even encouraged.
- Underline the line in the poem sung after the Jallianwallah massacre, which according to you, reflects India’s essential unity.
The line, ‘the blood of Hindus and Muslims flow together today’ reflects India’s essential unity.
- Choose another region in India and do a similar study of the historical and geographical factors that influence the diversity found there. Are these historical and geographical factors connected to each other ? How ?
The two regions are (1) Rajasthan (2) Tamilnadu
Rajasthan : It is a desert country, it is one of the border state of India. Rajputs are a martial race. Agriculture is very difficult and coarse grains like jowar and bajra are grown. Main means of transport are the camels. People build houses with flat roofs and verandahs to keep the dusty winds away.
Tamilnadu : It is a state on the sea coast of India. It has moderate climate throughout the year, with rainfall during the winter season. It is a fertile land and people grow rice and vegetables. Fishing is the main occupation of the people. Rice and fish are the staple diet of the people. They build houses on a higher ground with slanting roofs, so that the rain water can easily drain.
Yes, the historical and geographical factors are closely connected. Rajasthan is a boarder state and Rajputs are a martial race.
Tamilnadu is located on the Bay of Bengal, far away from the influence of the invaders. People are peace loving and gentle.