Unseen Comprehension Passages Class 10 English Grammar
Read the passages carefully and answer the questions that follow :
I. Pets, especially dogs, are fun to keep. I wanted a dog for my tenth birthday. And I got a black Spaniel with a white patch. A pet is not just a toy. It needs constant attention. A dog in the early stages needs training. It should be taught to obey its master. Its food has to be cooked specially. Then its coat has to be checked regularly for ticks. We have to take it regularly to a vet. When I come back from school, my furry friends barks at me lovingly. It sometimes runs off with my socks. It is naughty, but not a nuisance.
(a) Which pet is the favourite of the narrator ?
(b) What attention does the pet dog need ?
(c) Explain : Then its coat has to be checked for ticks.
(d) What pranks does the dog play with the narrator ?
(a) The narrator is fond od having a dog as a pet.
(b) A pet dog needs training, washing, and medical check – up.
(c) The dog’s skin has to be cleared of parasitic insects.
(d) The pet dog welcomes the narrator with barking. Then it sometimes takes away his socks.
II. Now-a-days every newspaper contains at least one report of an act of violence. We read of violence at home, at school, on the way to work and in places of worship. We read about the horrors of war, of destruction caused by riots. There is another kind of violence that is equally bad and painful – critical attitude, abusive words, exploitation and injustice. Perhaps it is due to our changing values. The poor and the jobless turn to crime. The greed for power and wealth also causes violence. it is high time to begin our search for peace, for love and friendship.
(a) What sort of report is common in every newspaper ?
(b) Which are the places where viloence takes place ?
(c) What is the other kind of violence ?
(d) Who are the people that turn to crime ?
(a) Every newspaper carries news or reports of violent activities.
(b) Violence is common everywhere – at home, office, school and holy places.
(c) The other kind of violence is the use of foul language, injustice and exploitation of others.
(d) The poor and the unemployed people turn into criminals.
III. Television is changing people’s lives rapidly. They are sleeping less, reading less, talking less with their families. In a survey, a tenth of television viewers have admitted that the care of children and the elderly is getting neglected. While television has added to the popularity of games and sports, children say that they play less. Television has increased the general knowledge of children, especially that of the products being advertised. hardly any children are watching educational programmes. The parents interviewed said that their children’s studies were getting affected. many parents had cut off cable TV to reduce the ill effects on children.
(a) How is television changing people’s lives ?
(b) What has been the disadvantage of TV viewing ?
(c) How has TV viewing affected the children ?
(d) What steps have many parents taken to save their children from this evil ?
(e) Find out words from the passage opposite in meaning to the following : more, decreased.
(a) As a result of TV viewing, the people are sleeping, reading and talking with their families much less.
(b) The disadvantage of TV viewing is that people neglect their children and the elders.
(c) The children play less and gather knowledge only about the products advertised.
(d) Many parents have disconnected cable for the benefit of their children.
(e) less; increased.
IV. Now that the examination are here, many students must be under great stress. It is not just the students, but teachers and parents too face the same situation. Students are anxious to live up to the expectations of their parents and teachers. Anxiety and fear affect one’s memory. Watching TV for a long time lowers your performance in the exams. It ‘steals’ away the reading time. Time management is about self – discipline. Time must be managed between filled and unfilled. Filled time is the time spent in sleeping, bathing, eating and attending school. A student has ten years of unfilled or spare time. Utilize this time profitably.
(a) How do the approaching exams affect the students ?
(b) Who are the other people besides the students, affected by the exams ?
(c) What is meant by ‘time management’ ?
(d) Why should TV viewing in excess be avoided ?
(a) Students become tense as the exams draw near.
(b) Besides the students, their teachers and parents also feel the pressure.
(c) Time management means making balanced and gainful use of time.
(d) TV viewing leaves very little time for studies.
V. Long, long ago there were no schools or colleges in the way they are now. Every sage would admit a few students, who stayed with him for at least 12 years and received instructions from him. Such places were called ashramas. Usually, students used to join the ashrams at the age of eight and complete their education by twenty. There were no fees. The ashramas would receive grants and aid from the kings. In fact, the kings were proud of the ashramas in their kingdom. They often looked to the sages for advice and guidance. The ashramas were located in places away from the town.
(a) How was education imparted in the past age ?
(b) How were the ashramas started and funded ?
(c) How long had the student to stay in ashramas ?
(d) What was the importance of sages or learned men in the ancient times ?
(a) Education in the past years was provided free in ashramas by the gurus.
(b) The ashramas were set up by learned gurus and they received funds from the kings.
(c) The students had to stay in ashramas for nearly 12 years.
(d) The learned men were held in high esteem. The kings used to approach them for advice and guidance.
VI. Another form of pollution which many of us are not aware of is oil pollution at sea. This came to light as a result of the Gulf War. The world witnessed the horrors of pollution at sea. The world’s first major disaster came in 1967 when the giant tanker Torry ran aground and broke up. A hundred thousand tonnes of thick, black, evil smelling crude oil spread over the beaches of Southern Britain. It is estimated that one lakh sea birds and fish were killed. Over a million pounds were spent in the operation to clean the water. The detergents used for this purpose further killed birds and shell fish. The tourist trade was seriously affected. All this form the wreck of one ship! Since oil tankers are now much larger, the oil pollution diaster can be more serious. Super tankers are being built and used to keep the cost of oil transport lower. But their disadvantage is that such large ships are difficult to control.
(a) How does oil pollute sea water ?
(b) Explain : came to light
(c) Describe in brief the world’s first major oil disaster.
(d) What are the advantages and disadvantages of super tankers ?
(a) Oil flows out of tankers which get damaged. The sheet of crude oil kills sea creatures.
(b) Became clear. It was experienced for the first time.
(c) In 1967, the giant oil carrying ship broke up. One lakh tonnes of foul smelling crude oil spread on British beaches, killing one lakh sea birds and fish.
(d) Super tankers cause enormous loss of life and property when they break up. They also need larger ship which are difficult to control. But theor advantages is that they keep the transport charges low.
VII. In developing countries, girls lag behind the boys in education. A large number of them do not go to school. Even when they are enrolled, the burden of domestic work stands in the way of their education. The one most important cause of their poor performances is the work – load on a girl child. Then there is the traditional belief that sons should be educated because they will be the bread winners of their future families and supporters of their aged parents. A girl’s work, through longer and harder, is considered less likely to bring income. Since the girl after marriage becomes the part of her husband’s family, her parents become indifferent to her education.
(a) Why are girls lagging behind the boys in education ?
(b) What is the traditional belief about the education of girls ?
(c) Why do boys get preference over the girls as regards education ?
(d) Which phrase in the passage means : not keep up with or go too slow.
(a) Girls are lagging behind the boys in education because most of them are not even sent to school. Secondly, they are burdened with domestic work.
(b) The traditional belief is that girls will go away to their husband’s house after marriage, whereas boys will have to support their own families as well as ageing parents.
(c) Boys get foremost importance in the matter of education because they have to earn bread for their families.
(d) leg behind.
VIII. Shimla, the capital of Himachal Pradesh, was originally a small village surrounded by dense forests. It was developed by the Britishers beacuse of its cool climate suited them. First of all, they set up a sanatorium here for European sick people. As its popularity increased, it became the resort of the rich. In 1831, Sir john Lawrence made it the summer cpital of British India. It was only in 1856 that a cart and tonga road to shimla was built. In those days, Indians were not allowed to use the Mall. India’s longest mountain train, covering 60 miles and passing through 103 tunnels, began to run between Kalka and Shimla in 1904. Scandal Point at the Ridge is Shimla’s centre for gossip and informal discussions.
(a) What is the importance of Shimla today ?
(b) Why was this place patronised by the Britishers ?
(c) When did the Kalka – Shimla train begin to run ?
(d) How did ‘Scandal Point’ at the Ridge in Shimla get its name ?
(a) Shimla today is the capital of Himachal Pradesh and also a famous hill – station.
(b) The Britishers developed Shimla because of its cool climate.
(c) The Kalka – Shimla train began to run in 1904.
(d) Scandal Point at the Ridge in Shimla got its name because it was the centre of gossip and casual discussions.
IX. English is important not because millions of people know it in India. It is not important beacuse it has been the language of Milton and Shakespeare. Its importance lies in the fact that it is the major window for us to the modern world. And we dare not close that window. If we close it, we will endanger our future. We think of our Five Year Plans, industrial growth and scientific development. But every door of modern knowledge will be closed if we do not know one or more foreign languages. We can have French, German, Russian or Spanish but it is very much simpler for us to deal with a language which we already know. We cannot progress with all the Indian languages put together.
(a) What are the major factors in favour of English ?
(b) Why is the study of English very important for us ?
(c) What will happen if we do not learn one or more European languages ?
(d) Is there any alternative to the study of English ?
(a) We can be successful in life if we enjoy good health.(b) We can keep fit and strong through cleanliness, breathing in fresh air and following regular habits.(c) We should avoid smoking and drinking.(d) We should be helpful to the weak.(e) entertainment